In this article, we shall learn how to sort the GridView data in ASP.NET.
GridvIew control is a powerful data grid control that allows us to display the data in tabular format with sorting and pagination. It also allows us to manipulate the data as well.
This article is for beginners.
In this article we are going to learn how to sort the GridView data in ascending or descending order. Let's create a sample page to see how to do this.
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" OnSorting="SortRecords" runat="server"
AllowSorting="True" CellPadding="4" DataKeyNames="AutoId" />
You may notice that on the .aspx page, we have specified
OnSorting event (that fires
SortRecords server side methods) and
AllowSorting=true to the GridView. This will make the header of the GridView columns as link (In this case we have set
AutoGenerateColumns=true to the GridView, so our GridView columns are automatically generated ). In case we are using
TemplateField, we can use
SortExpression property to set the field name to sort on).
string _connStr = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["ConnStr"].ConnectionString;
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
protected void SortRecords(object sender, GridViewSortEventArgs e)
string sortExpression = e.SortExpression;
string direction = string.Empty;
if (SortDirection == SortDirection.Ascending)
SortDirection = SortDirection.Descending;
direction = " DESC";
SortDirection = SortDirection.Ascending;
direction = " ASC";
DataTable table = this.GetData();
table.DefaultView.Sort = sortExpression + direction;
GridView1.DataSource = table;
private void BindData()
// specify the data source for the GridView
GridView1.DataSource = this.GetData();
// bind the data now
/// Gets or sets the grid view sort direction.
/// The grid view sort direction.
public SortDirection SortDirection
if (ViewState["SortDirection"] == null)
ViewState["SortDirection"] = SortDirection.Ascending;
ViewState["SortDirection"] = value;
private DataTable GetData()
DataTable table = new DataTable();
// get the connection
using (SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(_connStr))
// write the sql statement to execute
string sql = "SELECT AutoId, FirstName, LastName, Age, Active FROM
PersonalDetail ORDER By AutoId";
// instantiate the command object to fire
using (SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(sql, conn))
// get the adapter object and attach the command object to it
using (SqlDataAdapter ad = new SqlDataAdapter(cmd))
// fire Fill method to fetch the data and fill into DataTable
In the above code snippet, first we have populated record to GridView (using
BindData method) in the Page_Load event (insider
IsPostBack, to ensure that the data binding happens only if the request is not a postback request).
When any column of the GridView is clicked, the
SortRecords server side method executes that first saves the sort expression and direction (Ascending or Descending order) in the ViewState based on the previous order selected. We have a
SortDirection property that saves the current sort direction in the ViewState and based on that the direction is set as ASC or DESC. As the
DataSource of this GridView is
DataTable so we have used Sort method of its view and set the sort expression. This will sort the rows of the DataTable. After sorting, the GridView data source has been set and the DataBind method has been called. My page output looks below that is sorted by FirstName column.
Hope this article would be useful for the beginners in ASP.NET. Keep reading forthcoming articles and do not forget to refer to our friends.
Thanks and do let me know your comments.
About the Author