Return Multiple Values(or Objects) in VB.NET

Dotnetrajanikanth
Posted by in ASP.NET category on for Beginner level | Points: 200 | Views : 6083 red flag
Rating: 5 out of 5  
 1 vote(s)

Here we will learn how we can return(get) multiple values or objects from a subroutine(I know that subroutine wont return any value) in VB.net code. This functionality is available in C# as IN and OUT parameters.


 Download source code for Return Multiple Values(or Objects) in VB.NET

Introduction

You might have searched "How to return multiple objects in VB.Net" in google and you might have got a lot of Ir-relevant articles. But this is not such an article, this goes to the point. I am going to teach you how to return multiple values in VB.net.

I gave a lot of try (Searching), how to do the stuff but most of the search results turned out to be like using a single object and returning multiple values in it, but that I do not need. So I thought of writing an article here about the same. So at least it will be helpful for sum beginners.

As many of you might be thinking that it would be about a new keyword in .net then you are wrong. So lets continue and see what is it?

Objective

In this article we will learn how to return multiple objects/values in a VB.net subroutine.

Lets Dive In

What you guys are thinking? A new vb.net keyword? a lot of code? no nothing. We are just going to use a very commonly known thing that is ByRef.

I am going to demonstrate this using a console application as console applications are always good for learning the basics of any programming language.

The console application just does some simple mathematical operations and gives the result.

The main function is like this.
Sub Main()




Console.WriteLine("Enter 2 Numbers")
Dim a As Integer = Console.ReadLine()
Dim b As Integer = Console.ReadLine()
Dim multi As Integer
Dim sum As Integer
Dim subs As Integer

oper(a, b, multi, sum, subs)

Console.WriteLine("Sum Is " & sum)
Console.WriteLine("Substracted Value Is " & subs)
Console.WriteLine("Multiplied Value Is " & multi)

Console.WriteLine()
Console.ReadKey()

End Sub

In the above code you can see that there I have marked a bit of code in red. it is just calling the subroutine for adding multiplying and subtracting 2 numbers. Normally we will pass 2 parameters to a function if we need to manipulate 2. But i am using more than 2 why?? the magic lies there...

So lets take a look at the function "Oper"

Sub oper(ByVal a As Integer, ByVal b As Integer, ByRef Multiplication As Integer, ByRef Sum As Integer, ByRef Substraction As Integer)

Sum = a + b
Multiplication = a * b
Substraction = a - b

End Sub
In code you can see that for other than the first 2 I have used ByRef. This ByRef does the magic. As the other three are ByRef the value of those once changed will be reflected every where.

So if we call the subroutine we are getting 3 return values (Literally) with out using any object or list or array or any other collections. The same is applicable for object also.

Conclusion

Hope this article was helpful to you. For further clarifications just respond to this post. I will get back to you as soon as possible. Hope you enjoyed reading(and understanding) this.

Enjoy Coding

Reference

http://www.dotnetperls.com/out
http://stackoverflow.com/questions/4358742/is-there-a-vb-net-equivalent-of-c-sharp-out-parameters

Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape

About the Author

Dotnetrajanikanth
Full Name: Rohith Gopi
Member Level: Starter
Member Status: Member
Member Since: 4/18/2012 8:08:03 AM
Country: India
____________ www.flickr.com/photos/psdesigner/
http://www.dotnetfunda.com

Login to vote for this post.

Comments or Responses

Login to post response

Comment using Facebook(Author doesn't get notification)