Understand Static in C#

Sourav.Kayal
Posted by in C# category on for Beginner level | Points: 250 | Views : 3083 red flag

How to qualify various component in C# with static keyword.

Understand  Static in C#

In this article we will see various uses of static in C#. static qualifier can able to use with various components of C# language. For example we can qualify a class as a static class, a function as a static function, a data member as a static data member etc.  Let’s try to understand each one of them.

Static Class:-

We can qualify a class with static keyword. In below there is one example of static keyword.

    static class StaticTest
    {
        public static int member;
        public static void StaticFunction()
        {
        }
 
    }
Property:-

If we declare a class as static then all the member of this class needs to declare as static. Static class contains only static member.

We cannot instantiate a static class. If we want to access any member of static class then we have to access by dot operator associated with class name.

 

Static function:-

Like class we can qualify a function as static function.  If we define a static function then the function will be accessible by class name. Have a look on below code.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
namespace Client
{
    class StaticTest
    {
        public static void StaticFunction()
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Static Function");
        }
 
    }
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            StaticTest.StaticFunction();
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }
}

Here is sample output.


If we observe closely the body of Main() function ,we will find that we are using class name to call the function.

Property:-

The static function can able to process only static data. So if we want to work with any data within static function then the data have to be static.

The reason is, if we define a function as static it does not belongs to any particular object.

 

Static data member:-

We can qualify a data member as static ember. If we declare a member as static then it will not belong to any particular object. It will treat as common property of that class and any object can able to use it. Let’s see below example.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
namespace Client
{
    class StaticTest
    {
        public static int value = 0;
        public void Increment()
        {
            value++;
        }
        public void ShowValue()
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Value is :- " + value);
        }
 
    }
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            StaticTest a = new StaticTest();
            a.Increment();
 
            StaticTest b = new StaticTest();
            b.ShowValue();
 
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }
}
 

output of this code



Here we have created two objects within Main() function and by first object we are modifying value of static data member then we are accessing it using another object. We are seeing that the modified value is getting reflect in all (second) object.

Property:-

Static data member does not belong to particular object. It’s a common property of the class , any object can able to use and modify it.

Static property:-

Like class , function and member we can declare static property. It will behave very similar with static function. We can use class name to access static property. Have a look on below code.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
namespace Client
{
    class StaticTest
    {
        public int value;
        public static int getSetvalue
        {
            get;
            set;
        }
    }
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            StaticTest.getSetvalue = 100;
            Console.WriteLine("Value is :- "StaticTest.getSetvalue);
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }
}

Output.


Conclusion:-

In this article we have seen how to qualify various components with static keyword in C#. Hope you have understood the concept.

 

 

 

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About the Author

Sourav.Kayal
Full Name: Sourav Kayal
Member Level: Silver
Member Status: Member,MVP
Member Since: 6/20/2013 2:09:01 AM
Country: India
Read my blog here http://ctrlcvprogrammer.blogspot.in/
http://www.dotnetfunda.com
I am .NET developer working for HelixDNA Technologies,Bangalore in healthcare domain. Like to learn new technology and programming language. Currently working in ASP.NET ,C# and other microsoft technologies.

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