Understand abstract and sealed class in C#

Sourav.Kayal
Posted by in C# category on for Beginner level | Points: 250 | Views : 8670 red flag

How to use abstract and sealed class in C# application

Understand abstract and sealed class in C#

In this tutorial we will understand the concept of sealed and abstract class in C#. Both are modifier and we can modify any C# class using them. We will understand them with suitable example.

Understand abstract class

Sealed class is used to create a concrete class and when we do not want to create object of this class. Then question may come in mind, where we can use sealed class? Think about template design pattern, where there is need to create one concrete class and we have to inherit it in another class. So, when there is need to create one concrete class and inherit them in another class, we can define this class as abstract class and the point to remember “We cannot create instance of abstract class”. Try to understand below example.

In this example we have define abstract class and trying to create object of this class. Compiler will not allow to create object of abstract class.


We can inherit class from abstract class.

As we have discussed the main purpose of abstract class is implement template design pattern. Try to understand below code.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Threading;
namespace ConsoleApp
{
    public abstract class Person
    {
        public string name { get; set; }
        public string surname { get; set; }
    }
    public class Student:Person
    {
        public string CollegeName { get; set; }
    }
 
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            Student s = new Student();
            s.name = "Sourav ";
            s.surname = "Kayal";
            s.CollegeName = "Anna University";
            Console.WriteLine("Name:- " + s.name);
            Console.WriteLine("Surname:- " + s.surname);
            Console.WriteLine("College Name:- " + s.CollegeName);
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }
}

Here is sample output.


Understand sealed class in C#

Sealed class is used to prevent re-use of this class. There might be some situation where we define a class and want to ensure that no class will be able to use the property of this class. So, the main idea behind sealed class is to prevent re-use. Try to understand below code.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Threading;
namespace ConsoleApp
{
    public sealed class Person
    {
        public string name { get; set; }
        public string surname { get; set; }
    }
    public class Student:Person
    {
        public string CollegeName { get; set; }
    }
 
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
 
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }
}

Here is output and we are seeing that compiler is not allowing inheriting any class from sealed class.


Conclusion:-

In this article we have learned how to use sealed class and abstract class in C#. Hope you have understood the concept and enjoyed it.


 

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About the Author

Sourav.Kayal
Full Name: Sourav Kayal
Member Level: Silver
Member Status: Member,MVP
Member Since: 6/20/2013 2:09:01 AM
Country: India
Read my blog here http://ctrlcvprogrammer.blogspot.in/
http://www.dotnetfunda.com
I am .NET developer working for HelixDNA Technologies,Bangalore in healthcare domain. Like to learn new technology and programming language. Currently working in ASP.NET ,C# and other microsoft technologies.

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Comments or Responses

Posted by: Ranjitpawar49-24470 on: 11/5/2013 | Points: 25
Nice article.

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