Let's say, we have a number as N=123456789

If we sum them the result will be 1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9 =45 . If we further sum them it will be 4+5 = 9, which is a single digit.

How can we do so? The below is the program that will help us

from System import *

class Program(object):

def Main(args):

Console.WriteLine(Program.FindSingleDigit(123456789))

Console.ReadKey()

Main = staticmethod(Main)

def FindSingleDigit(N):

sum = 0

while N != 0:

sum = sum + (N % 10)

N = N / 10

return Program.FindSingleDigit(sum) if sum >= 10 else sum

FindSingleDigit = staticmethod(FindSingleDigit)

Let us understand the program first

while N != 0:

sum = sum + (N % 10)

N = N / 10

The loop continues till the value of "N" becomes zero and it gives the total sum of the individual digits. Then it comes out of the loop. Next we perform a checking if the sum obtained is greater than or equals to 10 which is a two digit. In that case , then program makes a recursive call. If it is a single digit, then that value gets return.

Let us analyze the program with out example.

Pass 1: sum = 45

Pass 2: sum = 9