SQL Server Agent Jobs Creation

Bandi
Posted by in Sql Server category on for Beginner level | Points: 250 | Views : 1307 red flag
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I would like to give the basic job creation steps using SQL Server Agent.

Introduction

SQL Server Agent can be used to create/ manage jobs for automating DBA tasks. For example, most of the times DBAs need to take database backups up-to-date with proper schedules. To achieve this we can create one job and schedule it for automatic run and then can also get notification on success/failure.

Purpose

The following are some other cases where SQL Server Agent jobs will be useful.

  1. Data Warehousing Process
  2. Full, Differential and Transactional log Back ups
  3. Index-maintenace tasks such as rebuild or re-organisation 

SQL Agent Job Creation Steps:

To create job you have to right click on Jobs option under SQL server Agent and then choose New Job option.


You will get New Job window as follows:


On left pane general, Steps, Schedules and so on are available for job properties setting.

General:

You fill Job name, Owner (which user has to run the job), description for the job (explain the purpose of job and schedule timings). Make sure that you enabled the “Enabled” Check box.

Steps:

One job can have multiple steps and you can create multiple job steps and also control the flow of steps by making use of On Success and On Failure options in the Advanced Tab.

For example,

  1. Create job step by clicking on New option
  2. Fill Step name, Database name, Command as shown below. Note that mention Path details as C:\Folder\Filename.bak
  3. Parse can be used to check for the command syntax errors
  4. Click OK for job step creation

Advanced tab is available for handling control flow of job steps (if we have more than one job steps). And you can set up On Success and On Failure navigation/notification.

On Success: this is useful when we have multiple steps. For suppose we have execution of 2nd step depend on first step successful run. At that time set “Go to next step option” for “On success”.

The following are the options available for On Success:

  • Go to next Step
  • Go to specific step ID
  • Quit the job reporting success
  • Quit the job reporting failure

Retry Attempts: Sometimes we used to retry the execution in case of failure. We can specify number of times it should retry job step for success.

Retry Interval (minutes): You can specify the waiting time for next retry.

On Failure: This is mainly used for failure notification. If you want to notify some of users for failure, create one more step using msdb..sp_send_dbmail and execute this step once any of the previous job steps fails.

Usually, this feature will be set up for “Quit the job reporting failure”. The following are the options available for On Failure:

  • Go to next Step
  • Go to specific step ID
  • Quit the job reporting success
  • Quit the job reporting failure

Before click on OK you have to create schedule timings for the job run. Following screen describes the schedule creation. You can schedule the job daily, weekly, monthly, hourly and so on.


Conclusion

The above are steps for creating simple job using SQL Server Agent.

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About the Author

Bandi
Full Name: Chandrika Bandi
Member Level: Platinum
Member Status: Member,MVP
Member Since: 7/23/2013 5:52:37 AM
Country: India
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