Access ViewState Across Pages

Virendradugar
Posted by in ASP.NET category on for Intermediate level | Views : 8796 red flag
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This article demonstrates how we can share ViewState across pages.


 Download source code for Access ViewState Across Pages

Introduction

Before I start this article, let me ask you something. Is it possible to access the ViewState variable of one page on another page? I don't know what your answer is. Well, frankly speaking, my answer was also "NO" before writing this article as it is said that ViewState is page specific.

BackGround
ViewState is a very misunderstood animal. It is said that ViewState is Page specific; that means, it is available only on the same page on which it was created. Once you redirect to another page, the previous page's viewstate is no longer accessible. But that is not true.

Using the code

Yes, we can access the viewstate variables across pages. This is only possible if Cross Page Posting or Server.transfer is used to redirect the user to other page. If Response.redirect is used, then ViewState cannot be accessed across pages.

Before you continue reading this article, please read these articles on Cross Page Posting and Server.transfer.

Ok, so all set now... I will demonstrate this using the demo created by me. You can download the demo from the link at the top of this article.

I have created two *.aspx pages named:

  1. ViewStateContainer.aspx: This page sets the ViewState variable and transfers the user to another page using Server.transfer.
  2. AccessViewState.aspx: This page accesses the ViewState variable of ViewStateContainer.aspx page.

This is the code of ViewStateContainer.aspx page:

public partial class ViewStateContainer : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        ViewState["Page1"] = "Page1 ViewState";
        Server.Transfer("AccessViewState.aspx");
    }

    public StateBag ReturnViewState()
    {
        return ViewState;
    }
}


As you can see, I have set a ViewState variable in Page Load and transfer the user to AccessViewState.aspx page using the Server.transfer() method.

This page also contains a method ReturnViewState() which actually returns the ViewState of this page to the calling function. The return type of the method is StateBag class.

StateBag class: This class is the primary storage mechanism for all HTML and Web server controls. It stores attribute/value pairs as strings associated with the control. It tracks changes to these attributes only after the OnInit method is executed for a page request, and saves the changes to the page's or control's viewstate.

Now let's take look at AccessViewState.aspx Page code:

public partial class AccessViewState : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    private StateBag PreviousPageViewState
    {
        get
        {
            StateBag returnValue = null;
            if (PreviousPage != null)
            {
                Object objPreviousPage = (Object)PreviousPage;
                MethodInfo objMethod = objPreviousPage.GetType().GetMethod
("ReturnViewState");
                return (StateBag)objMethod.Invoke(objPreviousPage, null);
            }
            return returnValue;
        }
    }

    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (PreviousPage != null)
        {
            if (PreviousPageViewState != null)
            {
                Label1.Text = PreviousPageViewState["Page1"].ToString();
            }
        }
    }
}

Whenever we use Server.transfer or Cross Page Posting, We can get the previous page object via PreviousPage property. Using Previous Page, we can find the controls of the previous page. For example, one can access Label control placed in ViewStateContainer Page in current Page.

Looking at the code, I have created a PreviousPageViewState property in this page, which returns the previous page's ViewState. It first checks whether PreviousPage is null or not, if it's not null, then it creates an object of the previous page. Now using Reflection, we can invoke the method of the previous class. Using MethodInfo class, I have invoked the ReturnViewState() method of ViewStateContainer Page.

In Page_Load event, I am able to access the ViewState variable of ViewStateContainer Page. You can access all the viewstate variables set in ViewStateContainer Page.

Conclusion
Enjoy..
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About the Author

Virendradugar
Full Name: Virendra Dugar
Member Level: Silver
Member Status: Member,MVP
Member Since: 8/11/2009 4:14:05 AM
Country: India

http://jquerybyexample.blogspot.com
Virendra Dugar is experienced Senior Software Developer with over 5 years of hands-on experience working with Microsoft .NET technology (ASP.NET, C#, VB.NET,SQL Server). He is always keen to learn new technology. He holds a Master's Degree in Computer Application & Information technology from Gujarat University in india.In free time, he loves to listen music, read books, play games and do blogging etc. Visit his blogs : http://jquerybyexample.blogspot.com

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