Error in calculating time difference in sqlserver [Resolved]

Posted by Klbaiju under Sql Server on 8/4/2014 | Points: 10 | Views : 1050 | Status : [Member] | Replies : 8
Hi,

iam working in an employee management application in which i want to find out intime, outtime, overtime of each employee in a day.

following is working code
create table #temp(empid numeric(18,0),empname nvarchar(50),intime datetime,outtime datetime)
insert into #temp values(2500,'Sachin','2014-01-01 09:00:00','2014-01-01 10:30:00:00')
insert into #temp values(2500,'Sachin','2014-01-01 11:00:00','2014-01-01 12:30:00:00')
insert into #temp values(2500,'Sachin','2014-01-01 13:30:00','2014-01-01 20:30:00:00')
select EmpId ,CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), InTime,106 ) as workingday,left(CONVERT(TIME,MIN(InTime),108),5)as intime,left(CONVERT(TIME,max(outTime),108),5)as outtime ,dstatus=
(CASE
WHEN CONVERT(TIME,MIN(InTime),108)>'08:35' and CONVERT(TIME,MIN(InTime),108) <'11:00'
THEN 'L'
WHEN CONVERT(TIME,MIN(InTime),108)>'11:00'
THEN 'halfday'
else 'right' end ),convert(varchar(5), max(OutTime)-MIN(InTime),108) as Difference
,RIGHT('0'+CONVERT(varchar, FLOOR(SUM(DATEDIFF(MI, inTime, outTime)/60.0))) , 2)
+':'+RIGHT('0'+CONVERT(varchar, SUM(DATEDIFF(MI, inTime, outTime))%60), 2) AS [total work_hour(s)]

,left(cast(CAST(DATEADD(MINUTE, SUM(DATEDIFF(MI, inTime, outTime))-45, 0) AS TIME) as varchar),5) TotalTime,
left(cast(CAST(DATEADD(MINUTE, CASE WHEN SUM(DATEDIFF(MI, inTime, outTime)) > 525 THEN SUM(DATEDIFF(MI, inTime, outTime))-525 ELSE 0 END, 0 ) AS TIME ) as varchar),5) OverTime,
right('0'+CAST((datediff(mi,CAST(DATEADD(MINUTE, CASE WHEN SUM(DATEDIFF(MI, inTime, outTime)) > 525 THEN SUM(DATEDIFF(MI, inTime, outTime))-525 ELSE 0 END, 5 ) AS TIME ),CAST(DATEADD(MINUTE, SUM(DATEDIFF(MI, inTime, outTime))-45, 0) AS TIME)) / 60) AS VARCHAR(8)),3)
+':'+right('0'+CAST((datediff(mi,CAST(DATEADD(MINUTE, CASE WHEN SUM(DATEDIFF(MI, inTime, outTime)) > 525 THEN SUM(DATEDIFF(MI, inTime, outTime))-525 ELSE 0 END, 0 ) AS TIME ),CAST(DATEADD(MINUTE, SUM(DATEDIFF(MI, inTime, outTime))-45, 0) AS TIME)) % 60) AS VARCHAR(2)), 2) ActualTime
FROM #temp GROUP BY EmpId , CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), InTime,106 )
drop table #temp

its output is
EmpId    workingday    intime    outtime    dstatus    Difference    total work_hour(s)    TotalTime    OverTime    ActualTime
2500 01 Jan 2014 09:00 20:30 L 11:30 10:00 09:15 01:15 08:00

this is working fine.

following is calcultion of each field

difference means difference of maximum outtime-minimum intime

total work_hour(s) means Diffrence- sparetime

here an employee with id 2500 arrives at 09:00 and gone out side at 10:30 again come at 11:00 here he spends 30 minutes outside.there is total 01:30 spare time in this table

Totaltime means total work_hour(s)-45(lunch time)

Actual time means it is fixed 8 hour a day

overtime means the time exceeds 08 hrs.

if total time is more than 08 hrs overtime =Totaltime-actualtime else overtime is 0.

here my requirement is lunch time is from 12:45 to 13:30 .if anyone go outside on this time this shouldn't be cakculated.in this table the employee gone outside at 10:30 and come back at 11:00 here spare time is 00:30 hrs.

he again gone outside at 12:30and come back at 13:30 .here is the error according to query ,the spare time is 01:00 hrs.

but my requirement is it should be 15 minutes means from 12:30 to 12:45 . because 12:45 to 13:30 is lunch time.

suppose any gone outside at 12:30 and come back at 13:45 sparetime should be 15+15=00:30 hrs.

finally my output should be like this

EmpId    workingday    intime    outtime    dstatus    Difference    total work_hour(s)    TotalTime    OverTime    ActualTime
2500 01 Jan 2014 09:00 20:30 L




Responses

Posted by: Bandi on: 8/5/2014 [Member] [MVP] Platinum | Points: 50

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create table #temp(empid numeric(18,0),empname nvarchar(50),intime datetime,outtime datetime)

insert into #temp values(2500,'Sachin','2014-01-01 09:00:00','2014-01-01 10:30:00:00')

insert into #temp values(2500,'Sachin','2014-01-01 11:00:00','2014-01-01 12:30:00:00')

insert into #temp values(2500,'Sachin','2014-01-01 13:45:00','2014-01-01 20:30:00:00')


;with cte as (SELECT ROW_NUMBER() OVER(PARTITION BY empid, CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), InTime,106 ) ORDER by intime) rn, * FROM #temp)
SELECT c1.EmpId
,CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), c1.InTime,106 ) as workingday
,left(CONVERT(TIME,MIN(c1.InTime),108),5)as intime
,left(CONVERT(TIME,max(c1.outTime),108),5)as outtime
,dstatus=(CASE WHEN CONVERT(TIME,MIN(c1.InTime),108)>'08:35' and CONVERT(TIME,MIN(c1.InTime),108) <'11:00' THEN 'L' WHEN CONVERT(TIME,MIN(c1.InTime),108)>'11:00' THEN 'halfday' ELSE 'right' end )
,convert(varchar(5), max(c1.OutTime)-MIN(c1.InTime),108) as [Difference]
,RIGHT('0'+CONVERT(varchar, FLOOR(SUM(CASE WHEN cast(c1.outtime as time) <= '12:45:00' and CAST(c2.intime AS time) >= cast('13:30:00' AS time) THEN DATEDIFF(MI, cast(c1.outtime as time), '12:45:00') +DATEDIFF(MI, '13:30:00', cast(c2.intime as time)) ELSE DATEDIFF(MI, c1.outtime , c2.intime) end)/60.0)),2)
+':'+RIGHT('0'+CONVERT(varchar, FLOOR(SUM(CASE WHEN cast(c1.outtime as time) <= '12:45:00' and CAST(c2.intime AS time) >= cast('13:30:00' AS time) THEN DATEDIFF(MI, cast(c1.outtime as time), '12:45:00') +DATEDIFF(MI, '13:30:00', cast(c2.intime as time)) else DATEDIFF(MI, c1.outtime , c2.intime) end)%60.0)),2) OutofOfcWithoutLunchTime
,convert(varchar(5), max(c1.OutTime)-MIN(c1.InTime)-DATEADD( Minute,SUM(CASE WHEN cast(c1.outtime as time) <= '12:45:00' and CAST(c2.intime AS time) >= cast('13:30:00' AS time) THEN DATEDIFF(MI, cast(c1.outtime as time), '12:45:00') +DATEDIFF(MI, '13:30:00', cast(c2.intime as time)) else DATEDIFF(MI, c1.outtime , c2.intime) end) , 0), 108) TotalWorkingHours
,RIGHT('0'+CONVERT(varchar, FLOOR(DATEDIFF(MI, DATEADD(Mi, 45, '1900-01-01'),max(c1.OutTime)-MIN(c1.InTime)-DATEADD( Minute,SUM(CASE WHEN cast(c1.outtime as time) <= '12:45:00' and CAST(c2.intime AS time) >= cast('13:30:00' AS time) THEN DATEDIFF(MI, cast(c1.outtime as time), '12:45:00') +DATEDIFF(MI, '13:30:00', cast(c2.intime as time)) else DATEDIFF(MI, c1.outtime , c2.intime) end) , 0))/60.0)),2)+':'+RIGHT('0'+CONVERT(varchar, FLOOR(DATEDIFF(MI, DATEADD(Mi, 45, '1900-01-01'),max(c1.OutTime)-MIN(c1.InTime)-DATEADD( Minute,SUM(CASE WHEN cast(c1.outtime as time) <= '12:45:00' and CAST(c2.intime AS time) >= cast('13:30:00' AS time) THEN DATEDIFF(MI, cast(c1.outtime as time), '12:45:00') +DATEDIFF(MI, '13:30:00', cast(c2.intime as time)) else DATEDIFF(MI, c1.outtime , c2.intime) end) , 0))%60.0)),2) TotalTime
,left(cast(CAST(DATEADD(MINUTE, CASE WHEN DATEDIFF(MI, DATEADD(Mi, 45, '1900-01-01'),max(c1.OutTime)-MIN(c1.InTime)-DATEADD( Minute,SUM(CASE WHEN cast(c1.outtime as time) <= '12:45:00' and CAST(c2.intime AS time) >= cast('13:30:00' AS time) THEN DATEDIFF(MI, cast(c1.outtime as time), '12:45:00') +DATEDIFF(MI, '13:30:00', cast(c2.intime as time)) else DATEDIFF(MI, c1.outtime , c2.intime) end) , 0))>480
THEN DATEDIFF(MI, DATEADD(Mi, 45, '1900-01-01'),max(c1.OutTime)-MIN(c1.InTime)-DATEADD( Minute,SUM(CASE WHEN cast(c1.outtime as time) <= '12:45:00' and CAST(c2.intime AS time) >= cast('13:30:00' AS time) THEN DATEDIFF(MI, cast(c1.outtime as time), '12:45:00') +DATEDIFF(MI, '13:30:00', cast(c2.intime as time)) else DATEDIFF(MI, c1.outtime , c2.intime) end) , 0))-480 ELSE 0 END, 0) AS TIME) as varchar),5) TotalTime
,right('0'+CAST((datediff(mi,CAST(DATEADD(MINUTE, CASE WHEN SUM(DATEDIFF(MI, c1.inTime, c1.outTime)) > 525 THEN SUM(DATEDIFF(MI, c1.inTime, c1.outTime))-525 ELSE 0 END, 5 ) AS TIME ),CAST(DATEADD(MINUTE, SUM(DATEDIFF(MI, c1.inTime, c1.outTime))-45, 0) AS TIME)) / 60) AS VARCHAR(8)),3) +':'+right('0'+CAST((datediff(mi,CAST(DATEADD(MINUTE, CASE WHEN SUM(DATEDIFF(MI, c1.inTime, c1.outTime)) > 525 THEN SUM(DATEDIFF(MI, c1.inTime, c1.outTime))-525 ELSE 0 END, 0 ) AS TIME ),CAST(DATEADD(MINUTE, SUM(DATEDIFF(MI, c1.inTime, c1.outTime))-45, 0) AS TIME)) % 60) AS VARCHAR(2)), 2) ActualTime
FROM cte c1
LEFT join cte c2 on c1.rn = c2.rn-1 and c1.empid = c2.empid and CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), c1.InTime,106 ) = CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), c2.InTime,106 )
GROUP BY c1.EmpId , CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), c1.InTime,106 )
drop table #temp


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Posted by: Bandi on: 8/13/2014 [Member] [MVP] Platinum | Points: 50

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create table #temp(empid numeric(18,0),empname nvarchar(50),intime datetime,outtime datetime)


insert into #temp values(2500,'Sachin','2014-01-01 09:00:00','2014-01-01 10:30:00:00')
--insert into #temp values(2500,'Sachin','2014-01-01 11:00:00','2014-01-01 12:45:00:00')
insert into #temp values(2500,'Sachin','2014-01-01 11:00:00','2014-01-01 12:55:00:00')
insert into #temp values(2500,'Sachin','2014-01-01 13:40:00','2014-01-01 20:30:00:00')


;with cte as (SELECT ROW_NUMBER() OVER(PARTITION BY empid, CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), InTime,106 ) ORDER by intime) rn, * FROM #temp)
SELECT c1.EmpId, CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), c1.InTime,106 ) as workingday
,left(CONVERT(TIME,MIN(c1.InTime),108),5)as intime
,left(CONVERT(TIME,max(c1.outTime),108),5)as outtime
,dstatus=(CASE WHEN CONVERT(TIME,MIN(c1.InTime),108)>'08:35' and CONVERT(TIME,MIN(c1.InTime),108) <'11:00' THEN 'L' WHEN CONVERT(TIME,MIN(c1.InTime),108)>'11:00' THEN 'halfday' ELSE 'right' end )
,convert(varchar(5), max(c1.OutTime)-MIN(c1.InTime),108) as [Difference]
,CAST(DATEADD( Mi, SUM(CASE
WHEN Cast(c1.outtime AS time) <= '12:45:00' and cast(c2.intime as time) >= '13:30:00'
THEN DATEDIFF( MI,CAST(c1.outtime as time), '12:45')
+ DATEDIFF( MI, '13:30', CAST(c2.intime as time))
WHEN CAST(c1.outtime as time) >= '12:45' and CAST( c2.intime as time) <= '13:30' THEN 0
WHEN CAST(c1.outtime as time) >= '12:45' and CAST( c2.intime as time) >= '13:30'
THEN DATEDIFF( MI, '13:30', CAST(c2.intime as time))
ELSE DATEDIFF(MI, c1.outtime, c2.intime) END), 0) AS TIME(0)) OutOfOfcWithoutLunch

,CAST(max(c1.OutTime)-MIN(c1.InTime) -DATEADD( Mi, SUM(CASE
WHEN Cast(c1.outtime AS time) <= '12:45:00' and cast(c2.intime as time) >= '13:30:00'
THEN DATEDIFF( MI,CAST(c1.outtime as time), '12:45')
+ DATEDIFF( MI, '13:30', CAST(c2.intime as time))
WHEN CAST(c1.outtime as time) >= '12:45' and CAST( c2.intime as time) <= '13:30' THEN 0
WHEN CAST(c1.outtime as time) >= '12:45' and CAST( c2.intime as time) >= '13:30'
THEN DATEDIFF( MI, '13:30', CAST(c2.intime as time))
ELSE DATEDIFF(MI, c1.outtime, c2.intime) END), 0) AS TIME(0)) TotalWorkingHours

,CAST(max(c1.OutTime)-MIN(c1.InTime) -DATEADD( Mi, SUM(CASE
WHEN Cast(c1.outtime AS time) <= '12:45:00' and cast(c2.intime as time) >= '13:30:00'
THEN DATEDIFF( MI,CAST(c1.outtime as time), '12:45')
+ DATEDIFF( MI, '13:30', CAST(c2.intime as time))
WHEN CAST(c1.outtime as time) >= '12:45' and CAST( c2.intime as time) <= '13:30' THEN 0
WHEN CAST(c1.outtime as time) >= '12:45' and CAST( c2.intime as time) >= '13:30'
THEN DATEDIFF( MI, '13:30', CAST(c2.intime as time))
ELSE DATEDIFF(MI, c1.outtime, c2.intime) END), 0) - DATEADD( MI, 45,'1900-01-01') AS TIME(0)) TotalTime

,CASE WHEN DATEPART( HH, max(c1.OutTime)-MIN(c1.InTime) -DATEADD( Mi, SUM(CASE
WHEN Cast(c1.outtime AS time) <= '12:45:00' and cast(c2.intime as time) >= '13:30:00'
THEN DATEDIFF( MI,CAST(c1.outtime as time), '12:45')
+ DATEDIFF( MI, '13:30', CAST(c2.intime as time))
WHEN CAST(c1.outtime as time) >= '12:45' and CAST( c2.intime as time) <= '13:30' THEN 0
WHEN CAST(c1.outtime as time) >= '12:45' and CAST( c2.intime as time) >= '13:30'
THEN DATEDIFF( MI, '13:30', CAST(c2.intime as time))
ELSE DATEDIFF(MI, c1.outtime, c2.intime) END), 0) - DATEADD( MI, 45,'1900-01-01')) > 8
THEN CAST( max(c1.OutTime)-MIN(c1.InTime) -DATEADD( Mi, SUM(CASE
WHEN Cast(c1.outtime AS time) <= '12:45:00' and cast(c2.intime as time) >= '13:30:00'
THEN DATEDIFF( MI,CAST(c1.outtime as time), '12:45')
+ DATEDIFF( MI, '13:30', CAST(c2.intime as time))
WHEN CAST(c1.outtime as time) >= '12:45' and CAST( c2.intime as time) <= '13:30' THEN 0
WHEN CAST(c1.outtime as time) >= '12:45' and CAST( c2.intime as time) >= '13:30'
THEN DATEDIFF( MI, '13:30', CAST(c2.intime as time))
ELSE DATEDIFF(MI, c1.outtime, c2.intime) END), 0) - DATEADD( MI, 45,'1900-01-01') - DATEADD( MI, 480,'1900-01-01') AS TIME(0)) ELSE '00:00:00' END ExceedTime
,CAST(DATEADD( MI, 480,'1900-01-01') AS TIME(0)) ActualTime
FROM cte c1
LEFT join cte c2 on c1.rn = c2.rn-1 and c1.empid = c2.empid and CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), c1.InTime,106 ) = CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), c2.InTime,106 )
GROUP BY c1.EmpId , CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), c1.InTime,106 )
GO
drop table #temp


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Posted by: Bandi on: 8/6/2014 [Member] [MVP] Platinum | Points: 25

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Have you fixed the issue with above solution? If NOT, post us back the where you have doubts......

if resolved the issue, mark above post as answer

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Posted by: Klbaiju on: 8/6/2014 [Member] Starter | Points: 25

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Hi Bindi,
Thanks for your reply.i know you tried your best for solving my problem.
yuor code is working if we use following data
insert into #temp values(2500,'Sachin','2014-01-01 09:00:00','2014-01-01 10:30:00:00')
insert into #temp values(2500,'Sachin','2014-01-01 11:00:00','2014-01-01 12:45:00:00')
insert into #temp values(2500,'Sachin','2014-01-01 13:30:00','2014-01-01 20:30:00:00')

output is
EmpId	workingday	intime	outtime	dstatus	Difference	OutofOfcWithoutLunchTime	TotalWorkingHours	TotalTime	OverTime	ActualTime
2500 01 Jan 2014 09:00 20:30 L 11:30 00:30 11:00 10:15 02:15 08:00

this is fine
if we change second sample data to
insert into #temp values(2500,'Sachin','2014-01-01 11:00:00','2014-01-01 12:50:00:00')
then output is
EmpId	workingday	intime	outtime	dstatus	Difference	OutofOfcWithoutLunchTime	TotalWorkingHours	TotalTime	OverTime	ActualTime
2500 01 Jan 2014 09:00 20:30 L 11:30 01:10 10:20 09:35 01:35 08:00

this is the error
the output should be same.because
if any go outside between 12:45 and 13:30 this time should not be calculated.
you added a new field OutofOfcWithoutLunchTime that is fine
Regards
Baiju


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Posted by: Bandi on: 8/13/2014 [Member] [MVP] Platinum | Points: 25

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Post me back if you have nay other scenarios...

Test the above T-SQL script for you requiremnts and let me know the results

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Posted by: Bandi on: 8/28/2014 [Member] [MVP] Platinum | Points: 25

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Mark as Answer if got clear idea/solution...

Post us back the issue/doubts if not resolved the issue

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Posted by: Bandi on: 9/2/2014 [Member] [MVP] Platinum | Points: 25

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Hi Baiju,

Did you resolve this issue? If Yes, Mark it as Answer; otherwise post me back the problem where it is not functioning well..

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Posted by: Naveenhcl on: 9/3/2014 [Member] Starter | Points: 25

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Hi,

Please elaborate your requirement as per Microsoft terminology then only people get understand the post/requirement.

As per my understanding you need to calculate the difference between 2 times right.?

If you are looking for the same then use below sample syntax.


select DataDiff(mi,@from_date,@to_date);


Try something like above to achieve your goal.

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