Difference between Abstract and Interface classes

Posted by Hasini under C# on 11/16/2011 | Points: 10 | Views : 7210 | Status : [Member] | Replies : 2
Can someone help me in understanding the difference between Abstract class and Interface Class using windows forms.

It would really appreciated if you can differenciate with a example.

Thanks in Advance for your help.


Posted by: Blessyjees on: 11/16/2011 [Member] Bronze | Points: 25


See this link http://www.dotnetfunda.com/interview/ShowCatQuestion.aspx?category=42

Blessy Baby
Digitalmesh Softech pvt Ltd

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Posted by: perfectchourasia-9163 on: 11/16/2011 [Member] Starter | Points: 25

What is an Abstract Class?

An abstract class is a special kind of class that cannot be instantiated. So the question is why we need a class that cannot be instantiated? An abstract class is only to be sub-classed (inherited from). In other words, it only allows other classes to inherit from it but cannot be instantiated. The advantage is that it enforces certain hierarchies for all the subclasses. In simple words, it is a kind of contract that forces all the subclasses to carry on the same hierarchies or standards.

What is an Interface?

An interface is not a class. It is an entity that is defined by the word Interface. An interface has no implementation; it only has the signature or in other words, just the definition of the methods without the body. As one of the similarities to Abstract class, it is a contract that is used to define hierarchies for all subclasses or it defines specific set of methods and their arguments. The main difference between them is that a class can implement more than one interface but can only inherit from one abstract class. Since C# doesn?t support multiple inheritance, interfaces are used to implement multiple inheritance.



Abstract class

Multiple inheritance

A class may inherit several interfaces.

A class may inherit only one abstract class.

Default implementation

An interface cannot provide any code, just the signature.

An abstract class can provide complete, default code and/or just the details that have to be overridden.

Access Modfiers An interface cannot have access modifiers for the subs, functions, properties etc everything is assumed as public An abstract class can contain access modifiers for the subs, functions, properties
Core VS Peripheral

Interfaces are used to define the peripheral abilities of a class. In other words both Human and Vehicle can inherit from a IMovable interface.

An abstract class defines the core identity of a class and there it is used for objects of the same type.


If various implementations only share method signatures then it is better to use Interfaces.

If various implementations are of the same kind and use common behaviour or status then abstract class is better to use.


Requires more time to find the actual method in the corresponding classes.


Adding functionality (Versioning)

If we add a new method to an Interface then we have to track down all the implementations of the interface and define implementation for the new method.

If we add a new method to an abstract class then we have the option of providing default implementation and therefore all the existing code might work properly.

Fields and Constants No fields can be defined in interfaces An abstract class can have fields and constrants defined

ER sandeep chourasia
sandeepchrs@yahoo.com (on facebook)

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